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Asiatic Garden Beetle

 
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Asiatic Garden Beetle

Facts

  • Asiatic garden beetle (Maladera castanea) is a non-native species in North America that was introduced to the northeast U.S. from Japan in the 1920s.
  • Following its initial introduction, populations have spread through the Northeastern U.S. and parts of Eastern Canada, westward – as far as Kansas and Missouri, and southward – as far as Georgia and Alabama (Skelley, 2013).
  • It has historically been a pest of ornamentals and turf grass but can also damage vegetables and row crops, including corn, soybeans, and wheat.
  • Although there are naturally occurring diseases and nematodes that affect Asiatic garden beetle, there are no major native enemies of this imported pest.

Injury Symptoms and Impact on Crop

  • Crop injury symptoms are primarily the result of larval root feeding. Symptoms closely resemble root feeding by other grub pests including annual and biennial white grubs and Japanese beetles in the spring.
  • Larval feeding removes root hairs and may damage the mesocotyl between the seed and the main root system. This reduces early vigor until the affected plants can regrow an adequate root system.
  • Root damage can cause stunting and discoloration of plants and can kill plants if severe enough. Stand losses of over 40% due to larval feeding have been observed (Pecarcik, 2018).
  • Aboveground symptoms are often not visible until feeding has already been underway for several days.
  • Heavy infestations are most common in sandy soils.
  • Adult feeding is rarely a problem in row crops, but may be noticeable on nearby vegetable or ornamental foliage as feeding on the leaves (especially at night and particularly around the leaf edges).

Management Considerations

Scouting

  • Scouting for Asiatic garden beetle larvae prior to planting to identify fields at risk of damage provides the only real opportunity to protect the crop by including an insecticide at planting (MacKellar and DiFonzo, 2018).
    • Prior to spring tillage, dig around any alternate weed hosts that are present in the field such as marestail or giant ragweed to look for larvae.
    • Check freshly tilled soil during tillage operations for larvae, particularly if there are a lot of birds feeding in the tilled soil.
  • Scout for Asiatic garden beetle larvae in corn by digging around plants in the field during the early vegetative growth stages to look for signs of root feeding or presence of larvae.
    • Focus scouting on plants that appear to be suffering some sort of stress. Damaged plants often appear stunted and purplish.
    • Asiatic garden beetle is most prevalent in fields with sandy soil and damage often occurs in irregular patches.
    • Root feeding ceases when larvae enter the pupal stage, typically around the end of May. Later-planted fields generally have a lower risk of root feeding damage.
  • Asiatic garden beetle adults are active from June through September. They are nocturnal and attracted to outdoor lights and feed on nearby foliage. Monitor these locations to get a sense of relative population levels in an area.

Weed Management

  • Asiatic garden beetles appear to have a preference for several common weed species such as giant ragweed and marestail.
  • Managing weed populations can help prevent them from acting as an attractant for egg-laying adults later in the growing season.
  • Grubs feeding on weeds early in the season appear to continue feeding on the weeds even after a corn crop is established. Controlling these weeds with a herbicide application will force the feeding grubs to shift their feeding to the corn plants, which can cause a rapid escalation in damage to the corn crop.

For More Details on This Pest

> Download the full article (PDF). (PDF 1 MB)


Author: Mark Jeschke
May 2019

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The foregoing is provided for informational use only. Please contact your Pioneer sales professional for information and suggestions specific to your operation. Product performance is variable and depends on many factors such as moisture and heat stress, soil type, management practices and environmental stress as well as disease and pest pressures. Individual results may vary.