Close
Home >

Farm Journal Midwest Crop Tour - Day 3

 

Midwest Crop Tour – Day 3 Reports (August 23, 2017)

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Follow Tour on Twitter (#FJTour17)
Follow Tour on Facebook

Eastern Route

Day 3 Eastern Route Map

Jim Lafrenz
Jim Lafrenz
DuPont Pioneer
Agronomist


DuPont Pioneer Agronomy Report

Eastern Route - Day 3
Starts in Bloomington, IL and ends in Iowa City, IA


Crop Report for Southeast Iowa

Overall

  • "Just Fit" planting season
    • Ground surfaces dried first, next 3" to 4" with variably wet soils.
    • Crop residue slowed drying
  • A wide range of planting dates, 45+ days.
  • Cool, wet conditions with a slow emergence period.
  • Dry mid-season allowed deeper root development
  • Highly variable rainfall during July and August, affecting plant size.
  • Variable disease pressure.
  • Lower insect pressure, Spider Mite activity to the south.

Corn

  • Overall stands ok.
  • Some uneven emergence.
  • Sidewall compaction observed.

Soybeans

  • Slower plant emergence.
  • Variable cool and wet soils.
  • PPO herbicide crop response.

AudioLocal Crop Reports

Southeast Iowa

Jim-Lafrenz-8-23-2017.mp4

(02:42)

Central Iowa

jim-lafrenz-pioneer60.mp4

(00:60)


Photos - Southeast Iowa

Soybean plant at growth stage R6.

Soybean plant at stage R6 in Scott County, Iowa.

Soybean pod development in the upper canopy.

Soybean pod development in the upper canopy. Photo from Scott County, Iowa.

Minimal growing season rainfall caused limited soybean plant development and lack of row closure.

Minimal growing season rainfall caused limited soybean plant development and lack of row closure. Photo from Van Buren County, Iowa.

Moisture stress during seed fill showing loss of tip kernel development.

Moisture stress during seed fill showing loss of tip kernel development. Photo from Van Buren County, Iowa.

Japanese beetle feeding on soybean leaf.

Japanese beetle feeding was common across SE Iowa with some fields at threshold levels. Photo from Scott County, Iowa.

Good ear development of 2 corn hybrids.

Good ear development of 2 hybrids. Photo from Scott County, Iowa.

Ear development at the dent stage in Scott County, Iowa.

Ear development at the dent stage in Scott County, Iowa. See photos above and below.

Ear development at the dent stage in Scott County, Iowa.

 

The foregoing is provided for informational use only. Please contact your authorized Pioneer sales professional for information and suggestions specific to your operation. Product performance is variable and depends on many factors such as moisture and heat stress, soil type, management practices and environmental stress as well as disease and pest pressures. Individual results may vary.

 

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Follow Tour on Twitter (#FJTour17)
Follow Tour on Facebook

Western Route

Day 3 Western Route Map

Nick Hanson
Nick Hanson
DuPont Pioneer
Agronomist


DuPont Pioneer Agronomy Report

Western Route - Day 3
Starts in Nebraska City, NE and ends in Spencer, IA


Crop Report for Northwest Iowa

Overall

  • Northwest Iowa is 35 – 100 GDUs behind normal. Mid-May planting dates are tracking 100 GDUs behind April.
  • Rain during planting and in the last two weeks have brought many areas close to normal on precipitation.

Crop Conditions

  • Highly variable in 2017 due to drought & warm temps in June & July.
  • Fairly low leaf disease pressure in both corn and soybeans.
  • August rains will help with finishing crop
    • kernel fill
    • increased soybean seed size

Drought Impact

  • Poor kernel depth and fill
  • Rootless Corn Syndrome
  • Uneven soybean emergence
  • Slow soybean growth
  • Pressure from Corn Rootworm

AudioLocal Crop Reports - Northwest Iowa

Nick-Hanson-8-23-2017.mp4

(01:46)

Nick-Hanson60.mp4

(00:60)


Photos - Northwest Iowa

Corn plant showing sidewall compaction or Mohawk roots.

Corn plant showing Sidewall Compaction or Mohawk Roots. Photo taken near Royal, Iowa.

Corn ear is showing Kernel Abortion / Tip Back,

This ear is showing Kernel Abortion / Tip Back. Photo taken near Albert City, Iowa.

Variability in kernel flex or grain depth.

Variability in kernel flex or grain depth. Photo taken near Cherokee, Iowa,

 

The foregoing is provided for informational use only. Please contact your authorized Pioneer sales professional for information and suggestions specific to your operation. Product performance is variable and depends on many factors such as moisture and heat stress, soil type, management practices and environmental stress as well as disease and pest pressures. Individual results may vary.

 

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Brian Grete
Brian Grete
Editor


Pro Farmer Crop Report

Eastern Route - Day 3
Starts in Bloomington, IL and ends in Iowa City, IA


So far today, Pro Farmer Editor and Eastern Tour Leader Brian Grete pulled samples from districts 4 and 1 in Illinois and made a few stops in crop district 6 in Iowa. His corn samples in Illinois ranged from 141.5 bu. per acre to 208.8 bu. per acre, with a route average of 179.5 bu. per acre. Brian says the Illinois corn crop along his route was not as good as last year, but added that's not surprising considering last year's yield was the second highest on record for the state. He says plant health has improved and variability has declined relative to the first two days of Tour. He also notes that crops have gotten better as he moved westward through the Illinois, though he says yields won't be as good as farmers hoped when they put the crop in the ground.

On the other hand, Brian reports pod counts have gotten more variable as he moved west across the state, adding that he was disappointed by beans along his route. His pod count samples in a 3'x3' square ranged from 576 to 1,498, for an average pod count around 1,009 for his route through Illinois.

Maturity of the crops were closer to normal in Illinois, though Brian says crop development is still running normal to a bit behind for this time of year. But he also points out that Illinois is more at risk of cold temps than Indiana and Ohio.

In his first few stops in eastern Iowa, Brian said his route found good, solid yield, with samples measuring yield potential ranging from 166 bu. to 192 bu. per acre. His four soybean samples from Iowa ranged from 732 pods to 1,680 pods in a 3'x3' square.

Get more information from Pro Farmer.


Chip Flory
Chip Flory
Editorial Director


 
Pro Farmer Crop Report

Western Route - Day 3
Starts in Nebraska City, NE and ends in Spencer, IA


Pro Farmer Editorial Editor and Western Tour Leader Chip Flory Pro Farmer Editorial Director and Western Tour Leader Chip Flory spent his day sampling fields in district 1 in northwest Iowa. He found corn yields ranging from 130 bu. per acre to 227 bu. per acre, for a route average of around 175 bu. per acre. Citing the wide range to his yield samples, Chip says the crop "saw drought stress ... no question about it." But he also noted that some other routes have seen less of an impact from dry conditions.

On soybeans, Chip says that Iowa is "losing some pods," adding that how the crop turns out will all depend on whether more rain falls. Samples on his route in northwest Iowa ranged from 787 pods to 1,896 pods in a 3'x3' square, for an average pod count of 1,250.

Get more information from Pro Farmer.

 

How Midwest Crop Tour Scouts Gather Data

Background

The Midwest Crop Tour dates to 1987. Pro Farmer was an original participant, then agreed to take over as its organizer in 1993 and began publishing the Crop Tour’s results as a service to the agricultural community at large. Crop Tour helps “level the playing field” by providing all market participants with access to information, unlike the many ongoing private assessments of Midwest crops.

In 2000, Crop Tour was expanded to its current scale. Crop Tour supporters like DuPont Pioneer enable Crop Tour to survey a large geographic area, host daily grower meetings, and provide more extensive media coverage of the Crop Tour findings.

Conducted the third full week of August each year, Pro Farmer Midwest Crop Tour is the most widely followed “field survey” for corn and soybeans during the critical crop development period that happens in between USDA’s August and September crop surveys.

Scouts

More than 100 “scouts” (farmers, media, agribusiness, and Pro Farmer staff) are organized into teams that fan across 20 pre-determined Midwest routes Monday through Thursday. Scout teams travel in vehicles which prominently display “Midwest Crop Tour” decals. In addition, each scout wears Crop Tour logo apparel so that all Crop Tour participants are readily identifiable by farmers and landowners.

The “Eastern leg” begins sampling in western Ohio, working its way across Indiana, Illinois, eastern Iowa and then southern Minnesota. The “Western leg” begins in southern South Dakota, then across eastern Nebraska, western Iowa and into southern Minnesota. Both sides of the Tour conclude in Rochester, Minn., on Thursday night.

Scouts attend a training session prior to Crop Tour and each team of about 2 to 4 people includes at least 1 experienced scout. The assigned routes that the scout teams travel have been consistent over the years to assure comparability.

Crop scouts walk fields in seven states during the Crop Tour.

DuPont Pioneer agronomists and more than 100 volunteer crop scouts will tabulate measurements taken from corn and soybean fields during the 4-day crop tour.

Field Selection

Teams pull onto rural side roads every 15-20 miles from their primary route and stop at survey locations that meet the following criteria:

Crop Sampling and Data
Crop Tour sampling and measurements are designed to get representative results for crop districts, states, and the entire Midwest – not individual fields or counties.

  • Safe parking available on a wide shoulder or field driveway
  • Accessible corn/soybean fields that are not fenced or posted
  • No structures such as homes, machine sheds, grain bins, or livestock buildings
  • Scouts measure 3 ears of corn or count pods on 3 soybean plants from just 1 location in each field surveyed. Each sample is identified by county so it can be tabulated by crop district, but is not associated with a specific field or farm location. Care is taken to move in and out of each field quickly, without damage.
Corn grain length and girth are measured during the Crop Tour.

Several measurements such as grain length and girth of corn ears are taken to estimate corn yields.

 

3F105E82-CDE9-2821-C2D6-0CD39760F8AF