Research conducted by Dr. Pat Tranel, University of Illinois, as a part of the DuPont Pioneer Crop Management Research Awards (CMRA) Program. This program provides funds for agronomic and precision farming studies by university and USDA cooperators throughout North America. The awards extend for up to four years and address crop management information needs of DuPont Pioneer agronomists, Pioneer sales professionals and customers. The foregoing is provided for informational use only. Please contact your Pioneer sales professional for information and suggestions specific to your operation.