R3 Stage: Milk*
(Begins 18 - 22 days after silking.)
The R3 kernel is yellow outside, while the inner fluid is now milky white due to accumulating starch. The embryo is growing rapidly. Most of the R3 kernel has grown out from the surrounding cob. Silks are brown and dry or becoming dry.
GDUs Required** to reach R1 growth stage depends on maturity and is approximately:
|Scout for these Common Pests and Diseases||Timing*|
|Anthracnose Top Dieback||R3 through R5.|
|Common Rust||V12 through R4.***|
|Corn Rootworm||Larval feeding is most extensive in early through mid-July in most regions of the Corn Belt.|
|European Corn Borer||As the true stalk develops and European corn borer larvae increase in size, larvae can be found tunneling into the stalk.|
|Eyespot||V6 through R4. Disease primarily found in northern environments.|
|Goss's Wilt||VE through R6. Disease primarily found in Nebraska and portions of other western states.|
|Gray Leaf Spot||VT through R4.***|
|Northern Leaf Blight||VT through R4.***|
|Southern Leaf Blight||VT through R4.***|
|Stewart's Wilt||Disease is initiated with corn flea beetle feeding from VE to V5. Leaf symptoms appear after R1.|
|Western Bean Cutworm||Initiate scouting based on local pheromone trap captures of adults. If trap data are unavailable, begin scouting at VT.|
* Information from Pioneer and Iowa State University Extension.
*** Scout for these diseases earlier in seed production fields.
Use this information as a guide and it should not be the only factor in making decisions.