R4 Stage: Dough*
(Begins 24 - 28 days after silking.)
Continued starch accumulation in the endosperm causes the milky inner fluid to thicken to a pasty consistency. Usually 4 embryonic leaves have formed as the embryo has grown dramatically from the R3 stage. The shelled cob is a light red to pink. Toward the middle of R4, the embryo will stretch across more than half of the width of the kernel side. Just before R5, kernels along the length of the ear begin to dent or dry. The fifth (last) embryonic leaf and the lateral seminal roots have formed. If this seed is planted, these 5 embryonic leaves will appear the following season after germination and VE.
GDUs Required** to reach R4 growth stage depends on maturity and is approximately:
|Scout for these Common Pests and Diseases||Timing*|
|Anthracnose Top Dieback||R3 through R5.|
|Common Rust||V12 through R4.***|
|Corn Rootworm||Larval feeding is most extensive in early through mid-July in most regions of the Corn Belt.|
|European Corn Borer||As the true stalk develops and European corn borer larvae increase in size, larvae can be found tunneling into the stalk.|
|Eyespot||V6 through R4. Disease primarily found in northern environments.|
|Goss's Wilt||VE through R6. Disease primarily found in Nebraska and portions of other western states.|
|Gray Leaf Spot||VT through R4.***|
|Northern Leaf Blight||VT through R4.***|
|Southern Leaf Blight||VT through R4.***|
|Stewart's Wilt||Disease is initiated with corn flea beetle feeding from VE to V5. Leaf symptoms appear after R1.|
|Western Bean Cutworm||Initiate scouting based on local pheromone trap captures of adults. If trap data are unavailable, begin scouting at VT.|
Click on the insect or disease for more information.
* Information from Pioneer and Iowa State University Extension.
*** Scout for these diseases earlier in seed production fields.
Use this information as a guide and it should not be the only factor in making decisions.