Sorghum Production Manual

Pioneer Sorghum Research

The goal of the Pioneer Sorghum Research Department is to utilize the science of genetics to improve the profitability of sorghum customers. Pioneer's sorghum research group represents the first step in the Pioneer commitment to sorghum growers. Researchers develop the elite grain sorghum hybrids Pioneer produces, sells and services. Pioneer strives to ensure that the most well adapted, high quality sorghum hybrids are properly positioned with every customer.

Characteristics of Pioneer® brand Grain Sorghum Hybrids

Pioneer uses a variety of ratings to assist with sorghum hybrid selection and management. This article provides an in-depth explanation some of the most critical hybrid ratings and how each score can be used as a management tool.

Grain Sorghum Planting Rate Considerations

The right grain sorghum plant population is important in producing top yields. Plant population planning should vary depending upon seasonal rainfall, evaporation potential, hybrid tillering potential, planting date, hybrid maturity, soil moisture at planting, soil type/depth and potential disease or insect problems.

Dryland Sorghum Management in Arid Environments

Research has shown wheat-sorghum-fallow rotation or continuous sorghum is the most profitable cropping system for dryland grain production on the Texas High Plains. Research has also shown no-till or minimum-till sorghum outperforms conventional tillage due to soil moisture preservation.

Best Management Practices in Ecofallow No-Till Sorghum

Nebraska research specialists define ecofallow as, controlling weeds during the fallow period by using herbicides and/or tillage, with minimum disturbance of crop residues and soil. This concept has been used for over 20 years.

Ten Steps to Improved Sorghum Standability

Stalk lodging is a continual threat when growing grain sorghum under dryland conditions. When sorghum is stressed during grain-fill, the plant will mobilize crown and root starch reserves in order to meet increasing seed development needs.

Sorghum Fertility Management

Planning a soil fertility strategy for grain sorghum has many of the same requirements as corn. Although many producers view grain sorghum as a low maintenance crop, with its deep fibrous root system, sorghum responds well to nutrient applications, especially in lower testing soils.

Pioneer Premium Seed Treatment - Grain Sorghum

The 2012 grain sorghum offering includes a package of fungicide and insecticide providing excellent protection and control against a broad spectrum of early-season seed and soilborne diseases, and protection from insects.

Grain Sorghum Diseases, Occurrence and Management

Grain sorghum can be affected by a wide variety of diseases, which can cause serious losses of production and profitability. Some diseases occur across a wide area, at levels that do not cause extreme concern in any given field, but may add up to a considerable net loss due to their prevalence. Some diseases are readily detected due to easily identifiable symptoms that noticeably reduce yields. It is important for sorghum growers to be able to identify the diseases that frequently occur in their growing environment.

Managing Greenbug Biotype and Insecticide Resistant Changes

Greenbugs are aphids that feed on grain sorghum causing severe economic losses each year. Management of greenbugs is done through the use of resistant grain sorghum hybrids and insecticides. Greenbug biotypes evolve, allowing populations to overcome both hybrid resistance and insecticide efficacy.

Sorghum Grain Color - Relationship to Grain Marketability or Fee

Early sorghum varieties came in a broad range of colors. Some of the earliest varieties, such as hegari, were chalky white. Others like Martin and Wheatland had light red grain and while other varieties had a dark brown seed color.

Genetic Purity of Grain Sorghum

In the production of grain sorghum hybrids, the methods used by the seed industry to produce the crop allows for the potential of off-types to be present in the seed. To produce the hybrid cross, a male sterile of one genetically distinct inbred is pollinated by another inbred.

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